Landslides severed Ecuador’s two oil pipelines last week, spilling heavy crude into the Coca River in the country’s northeastern Amazon region. Now, amid the ongoing coronavirus crisis, pipeline operators OCP Ecuador and Petroecuador are deploying humanitarian aid to communities downstream and trying to halt the oil before it reaches the Amazon. Emergency teams are also… Read More Ecuador Landslide Deepens Virus Crisis as Oil Pipelines Severed for Weeks
Ecuadorian ex-President Rafael Correa is on trial again, this time for campaign-finance fraud. Three years after a national referendum forced him from office, Correa is being tried in absentia for his alleged role in a scheme to extort government contractors for campaign contributions during his decade in power. Given the number of former Ecuadorian presidents… Read More Ecuador’s Splintered Left on Trial with Correa
Citation Fine-Dare, Kathleen S. Urban Mountain Beings: History, Indigeneity, and Geographies of Time in Quito, Ecuador. Culture, Humanity, and Urban Life. Lanham, Maryland: Lexington Books, 2020.
Indigenous elites stood at the intersection of political subjugation and cultural survival in Spanish and Portuguese America. Over more than three centuries they acted as intermediaries between their communities and outsiders, as defenders before the law, and even as collaborators with local power groups in the exploitation of their own people. As such, they wielded… Read More Indigenous Elites: Survival and Subjugation in Colonial Latin America
Like many global hot spots of the twentieth century, the Andes is marked by its history of structural inequality, racial conflict, and legacies of poverty and violence. Tensions between urban and rural areas as well as between descendants of European and Andean ancestry still exist and remain a source of scholarly interest in the region.… Read More Surveying the Field: Peasant Power in Andean History
When historian James Lockhart published his renown article “Encomienda and Hacienda” in 1969, the modern historiography on haciendas was already more than forty-years-old. Yet even after decades, historians were only beginning to understand these New World estates in terms of their origins and functions as colonial institutions. Early twentieth century scholars debated the extent of… Read More Between Two Worlds: Andean Haciendas in Colonial History
(Published originally in Mediato) La mina de oro y plata Río Blanco, atacada y quemada este mes por manifestantes de la comunidad, es emblemática en la industria minera ecuatoriana por todas las razones equivocadas. Haciendo caso omiso a la resistencia de las comunidades locales, del Municipio de Cuenca y de la provincia del Azuay, el gobierno… Read More Minería: del dicho al hecho
(Published originally in Mediato) El referéndum del 4 de febrero fue significativo. En su nivel más obvio, le dio al presidente Lenín Moreno una sólida victoria política y al expresidente Rafael Correa una derrota asombrosa. Pero más allá de las reacciones en Quito, los votantes en las zonas mineras de la Sierra y el Oriente… Read More Ecuador habló: La minería es peor que Correa
Citation Lewis, Tammy L. Ecuador’s Environmental Revolutions: Ecoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters, 2017.
In 1503, the Spanish monarchy issued its first decree for the resettlement of indigenous groups in the Caribbean so that they would “live together” and “not remain or wander separated from each other in the backcountry.” As the European conquest spread to North, Central, and South America, these new settlements – known as reducciones and… Read More Moving to the Suburbs: Reducciones in Recent Latin American Historiography
Echeverría-Almeida, José, and John Stephen Athens. “Investigación Subacuática En Las Lagunas de Yahuarcocha, San Pablo, Mojanda, Provincia de Imbabura, Ecuador.” Revista de Arqueología Americana, no. 34 (2016). Echeverría-Almeida and Athens underwater survey of the Laguna Yahuarcocha (Lake of Blood) builds on earlier subaquatic research performed in the lake in the early 2000s. Besides concluding that… Read More Investigación Subacuática en las Lagunas de Yahuarcocha: Echeverría-Almeida and Athens
Crawford, Matthew James. The Andean Wonder Drug: Cinchona Bark and Imperial Science in the Spanish Atlantic, 1630-1800. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2016. Matthew Crawford’s The Andean Wonder Drug: Cinchona Bark and Imperial Science in the Spanish Atlantic, 1630-1800 is a fascinating history of quina, the medicinal tree bark of the chinchona tree, native… Read More The Andean Wonder Drug: Cinchona Bark and Imperial Science in the Spanish Atlantic: Crawford
By Benjamin Bain and Nathan Gill April 16, 2016 (Bloomberg) — World leaders from the Vatican to Washington offered support to Ecuador as casualties mounted following one of the strongest earthquakes to strike the South American country in decades. By Sunday evening, the number of dead had climbed to at least 246, from 77 earlier… Read More Ecuador Quake Death Toll Rises as World Leaders Offer Support
Citation Bustamante Ponce, Teodoro. Historia de La Conservación Ambiental En El Ecuador: Volcanes, Tortugas, Geólogos y Políticos. 1. ed. Serie Atrio. Quito, Ecuador: FLACSO Ecuador : Editorial Abya Yala, 2016.
By Nathan Gill August 24, 2015 (Bloomberg) — As emerging markets come unhinged around the world, few nations face tougher challenges than Ecuador, a dollarized oil producer in El Nino’s path, where street protests are flaring up alongside one of the planet’s most dangerous volcanoes. “Sometimes it makes you want to laugh,” said Jose Hidalgo, director… Read More Everything Is Going Wrong in Ecuador
By Nathan Gill and John Follain July 5, 2015 (Bloomberg) — Pope Francis arrived in Ecuador Sunday, starting a nine-day visit to South America in which he’s expected to focus on the poor and challenge policies on oil drilling that damage the environment.“In the words of the gospel, we can find the keys that will… Read More Pope Francis Brings Focus on Poor to South America
By Nathan Gill (Bloomberg) — Ecuador, the world’s biggest grower of flavored beans used in fine chocolate, will probably lose about 15 percent of this year’s cocoa crop after heavy rains hurt farms in the Andean nation’s coastal region, the National Cocoa Exporters Association said. Anecacao, as the association is known, reduced its 2015 forecast… Read More Ecuador Cocoa Forecast Cut to 230,000 Tons After Rains Hit Crops
A collection of essays on the construction and emergence of ethnic identities in the Ecuadorian Andes, edited by Marc Becker. The authors of the volume examine Afro-Ecuadorians and indigenous communities through the lens of politics, culture, religion, gender, and the environment to better understand the array of social problems facing the country. French sociologist Manuela… Read More Indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorians Facing the Twenty-First Century: Marc Becker
Citation DeTemple, Jill Michelle. Cement, Earthworms, and Cheese Factories: Religion and Community Development in Rural Ecuador. Notre Dame, Ind: University of Notre Dame Press, 2012.
Thomas Rogers’ The Deepest Wounds argues that Pernambuco sugar planters “saw no distinction between land and labor” (8). Enslaved and free workers on cane plantations were demoted in elites’ eyes to a level equal with the animals and the earth – merely another natural resource to be commanded by the planters (72-73). This monograph shows… Read More The Deepest Wounds: Thomas Rogers
By Nathan Gill Oct. 26 (Bloomberg) — Celfin Capital SA, a Santiago, Chile-based brokerage and investment bank, announced plans to create a carbon trading exchange in the country. The Santiago Climate Exchange is a joint venture with Fundacion Chile, a government-sponsored entity promoting technological innovation, to encourage voluntary carbon reduction projects, Celfin Chairman Juan Andres… Read More Celfin Capital to Start Chile Carbon Credit Exchange
Citation Lyall, Angus. “¿Para qué sirve la memoria? : memoria, poder y resistencia en una zona florícola en el norte de Ecuador,” July 2009.
By Nathan Gill June 10 (Bloomberg) — Swine flu cases in Chile, the country with the most infections outside North America, may continue to climb until early July, health officials said. Confirmed cases reached 1,694, from 890 on June 5, the Ministry of Health in Santiago said in an e-mailed statement yesterday. The… Read More Swine Flu Cases May Increase Until July, Chile Says
By Nathan Gill June 9 (Bloomberg) — Parque Arauco SA, a Chilean shopping-center developer and operator, climbed to its highest in a year in Santiago trading on speculation that its expansion plans will boost earnings growth. Parque Arauco rose 3.2 percent to 514 pesos, the highest closing price since May 28, 2008. The… Read More Chile’s Parque Arauco Rises to 1-Year High on Profit Outlook
By James Attwood and Sebastian Boyd March 13 (Bloomberg) — Chile’s government-owned Banco del Estado de Chile today said it will cut interest rates to consumers, adding pressure on the country’s private banks to follow suit. Chile’s central bank last night slashed its benchmark interest rate by 2.5 percentage points, bringing cuts this year… Read More Chile State Bank Cuts Rates, Pressuring Private Banks
Ogburn, Dennis, Samuel Connell, and Chad Gifford. “Provisioning of the Inka Army in Wartime: Obsidian Procurement in Pambamarca, Ecuador.” Journal of Archaeological Science 36, no. 3 (March 1, 2009): 740–51. Dennis Ogburn, Samuel Connell, and Chad Gifford look at sources of obsidian found at the Pambamarca fortress complex to the north and east of Quito,… Read More Provisioning of the Inka Army in Wartime: Obsidian Procurement in Pambamarca, Ecuador: Ogburn et al.
By Nathan Gill Dec. 4 (Bloomberg) — Chile’s Finance Minister Andres Velasco comments on the fall in consumer prices in November. Velasco spoke to reporters today at a conference in Santiago: On consumer prices falling 0.1 percent in November from October: “It’s a welcome event that confirms the estimates both of the government… Read More Chile’s Price Decline in November ‘Welcome Event,’ Velasco Says
Citation Jamieson, Ross W. “The Market for Meat in Colonial Cuenca: A Seventeenth-Century Urban Faunal Assemblage from the Southern Highlands of Ecuador.” Historical Archaeology 42, no. 4 (December 2008): 21–37.
By Nathan Gill Nov. 27 (Bloomberg) — Chile will offer credit lines of up $8 million for producers of salmon affected by an outbreak of infectious anemia in the country’s south, President Michelle Bachelet said today. Chile will grant credit lines of up to $8 million for sanitary and environmental investment projects, for… Read More Chile Announces New Credits for Salmon Producers
By Nathan Gill Oct. 16 (Bloomberg) — Chile’s former central bank PresidentVittorio Corbo comments on the effect of the financial crisis onChile’s economic outlook. Corbo spoke to reporters after aseminar in Santiago today. On the possibility that the Chilean central bank will selldollars to increase the value of the peso: “The central bank will evaluate… Read More Chile’s Central Bank May Sell Dollars If Needed, Corbo Says
Citation Bakker, Johan, Marcela Moscol Olivera, and Henry Hooghiemstra. “Holocene Environmental Change at the Upper Forest Line in Northern Ecuador.” The Holocene 18, no. 6 (September 1, 2008): 877–93.
Citation Caillavet, Chantal. “A Native American System of Wetland Agriculture in Different Ecosystems in the Ecuadorian Andes (15th-18th Centuries).” Environment and History 14, no. 3 (August 1, 2008): 331–53.