Ana María Alonso, Thread of Blood: Review

(June 1, 2019) – The role of violence and the importance of cultural identity in the struggles between indigenous communities and the nation-state are the subjects of Ana María Alonso’s monograph, Thread of Blood: Colonialism, Revolution, and Gender on Mexico’s Northern Frontier (1995). This anthropological history of machismo in the culturally-mestizo Namiquipa community in Chihuahua… Read More Ana María Alonso, Thread of Blood: Review

Florencia Mallon, Courage Tastes of Blood: Review

Florencia E. Mallon, Courage Tastes of Blood: The Mapuche Community of Nicolás Ailío and the Chilean State, 1906-2001, Radical Perspectives (Durham, N.C: Duke University Press, 2005). By N. H. Gill             (May 17, 2019) – Florencia Mallon’s 2005 book, Courage Tastes of Blood: The Mapuche Community of Nicolás Ailío and the Chilean State, 1906-2001, examines… Read More Florencia Mallon, Courage Tastes of Blood: Review

Jeffrey Gould, To Die in This Way: Review

By N. H. Gill             (April 2, 2019) – Jeffrey Gould’s monograph, To Die in This Way (1998), looks at the dialectic relationship between indigenous identity and the formation of the nation-state in Nicaragua from the late nineteenth century until the mid twentieth. Gould challenges the “myth of mestizaje” that holds that, except for the… Read More Jeffrey Gould, To Die in This Way: Review

Cynthia McClintock, Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru: Review

By N. H. Gill             (March 11, 2019) – Cynthia McClintock’s monograph, Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru, looks at the social and political effect of the agrarian reforms of the Velasco administration between 1968 to 1975. Focusing closely on the 1969 hacienda expropriations and subsequent implementation of self-managing agrarian cooperatives, McClintock uses a… Read More Cynthia McClintock, Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru: Review

Léon Zamosc, The Agrarian Question and the Peasant Movement in Colombia: Review

Léon Zamosc. The Agrarian Question and the Peasant Movement in Colombia: Struggles of the National Peasant Association, 1967-1981. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1986. By N. H. Gill            (Feb. 3, 2019) – Sociologist Léon Zamosc’s The Agrarian Question and the Peasant Movement in Colombia, looks at the development of… Read More Léon Zamosc, The Agrarian Question and the Peasant Movement in Colombia: Review

Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui, Oppressed But Not Defeated: Review

Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui, Oppressed But Not Defeated: Peasant Struggles Among the Aymara and Qhechwa in Bolivia, 1900-1980 (Geneva: United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, 1987). By N. H. Gill             (Jan. 31, 2019) – Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui’s Oppressed but Not Defeated, on the struggles of Aymara and Quechua peasants in the highlands and western… Read More Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui, Oppressed But Not Defeated: Review

Indigenous Elites, Subjugation, and Cultural Survival in Colonial Latin America

Indigenous elites stood at the intersection of political subjugation and cultural survival in Spanish and Portuguese America. Over more than three centuries they acted as intermediaries between their communities and outsiders, as defenders before the law, and even as collaborators with local power groups in the exploitation of their own people. As such, they wielded… Read More Indigenous Elites, Subjugation, and Cultural Survival in Colonial Latin America

Surveying the Field: Peasant Power in Andean History

Like many global hotspots of the twentieth century, the Andes is marked by its history of structural inequality, racial conflict, and legacies of poverty and violence. Tensions between urban and rural areas as well as between descendants of European and Andean ancestry still exist and remain a source of scholarly interest in the region. In… Read More Surveying the Field: Peasant Power in Andean History

Correa, China y la Asamblea, afectados por el informe de la deuda

(Published originally in Mediato) Nathan Gill — 19 de Marzo de 2018 El informe borrador –el cual aún no es concluyente– de la Contraloría sobre la deuda pública, presentado el 14 de marzo pasado, es un triunfo estratégico para el presidente Lenín Moreno. No solo permite responsabilizar al expresidente Rafael Correa del despilfarro fiscal, sino… Read More Correa, China y la Asamblea, afectados por el informe de la deuda

Ecuador habló: La minería es peor que Correa

(Published originally in Mediato) Nathan Gill — 19 de febrero de 2018 El referéndum del 4 de febrero fue significativo. En su nivel más obvio, le dio al presidente Lenín Moreno una sólida victoria política y al expresidente Rafael Correa una derrota asombrosa. Pero más allá de las reacciones en Quito, los votantes en las zonas… Read More Ecuador habló: La minería es peor que Correa

Repartos y Rebeliones: Review

Golte, Jürgen. Repartos y rebeliones: Túpac Amaru y las contradicciones de la economía colonial. Translated by Carlos Degregori Caso. Primera edicón. Estudios históricos Colección clásicos 6. Lima: IEP, Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 1980.  Jürgen Golte’s Repartos y Rebeliones, published in German in 1977 and translated into Spanish by Carlos Degregori in 1980, analyzes the implementation,… Read More Repartos y Rebeliones: Review

Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela: Review

Alejandro Velasco, Barrio Rising: Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela (Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2015). Alejandro Velasco’s Barrio Rising: Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela (2015) uses the Caracas superblock housing complex, known today as 23 de Enero, to analyze Venezuela’s transition from the dictatorship of Marcos… Read More Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela: Review

Oral History: Ventriloquism or Privileged Interpretation?

Daniel James, Doña María’s Story: Life History, Memory, and Political Identity, Latin America Otherwise (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2000). Imagine you have thirty hours of interviews, nine months of work, more than seven decades of oral history from a privileged witness to the rise of Peronism and the Argentine labor movement…and then you start… Read More Oral History: Ventriloquism or Privileged Interpretation?

Digging Out of Darkness: Labor, Capital, and the Chilean State in the Age of Mass Society

Pavilack, Jody. Mining for the Nation: The Politics of Chile’s Coal Communities from the Popular Front to the Cold War. University Park, Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2011. When Chile granted literate men over the age of 21 the right to vote in 1925, a new era marked by the rise of mass society… Read More Digging Out of Darkness: Labor, Capital, and the Chilean State in the Age of Mass Society

Correa’s Back-Track on Tax Bills Fails to Halt Ecuador Protests

By Nathan Gill (Bloomberg) — Ecuador President Rafael Correa’s attempt to defuse nationwide protests by back-tracking on two controversial tax proposals failed to prevent opposition supporters marching for a ninth straight day Tuesday. Protesters gathered in the capital city, Quito, less than 24 hours after Correa called for calm and announced he would delay plans… Read More Correa’s Back-Track on Tax Bills Fails to Halt Ecuador Protests

South America’s Commodity Rout Spurs Public Spending on Housing

By Nathan Gill (Bloomberg) — Enrique Perez, who’s been building homes for most of his life in Ecuador, is finally going to make one for himself. Perez is an unlikely beneficiary of the plunge in crude prices. That prompted Ecuador, an OPEC nation, to offer mortgage subsidies to people like Perez, a construction worker. Ecuador… Read More South America’s Commodity Rout Spurs Public Spending on Housing

Ecuador Approves New Labor Law With Changes to Public Pensions

By Nathan Gill (Bloomberg) — Ecuador’s congress approved changes to the Andean nation’s labor laws on Tuesday, including the removal of a government subsidy meant to cover almost half of state pensioners’ monthly payments. Lawmakers approved the measure proposed by President Rafael Correa in a 91-to-29 vote, while government supporters and political opposition groups looked… Read More Ecuador Approves New Labor Law With Changes to Public Pensions

White-Bellied Spider Monkey Losing to $18 Billion of Oil

(Originally published in Bloomberg News) By Nathan Gill      (Bloomberg) — Not even the endangered white-bellied spider monkey can escape the lingering consequences of Ecuador President Rafael Correa’s decision to default on $3.2 billion of debt four years ago.      Correa, who hasn’t borrowed from the bond market since calling Ecuador’s creditors “true… Read More White-Bellied Spider Monkey Losing to $18 Billion of Oil

Latin America Ministers Urge More Money for Lenders

By Sebastian Boyd and Nathan Gill      July 3 (Bloomberg) — Finance ministers from North and South America meeting in Chile agreed to push for more financing for multilateral lenders such as the World Bank and the Inter-American Development Bank, Chile’s Andres Velasco said.      The IDB’s board may agree to vote for a capital… Read More Latin America Ministers Urge More Money for Lenders

Bachelet Says Chile Supports Recapitalization of IDB

By Sebastian Boyd and Nathan Gill      July 3 (Bloomberg) — Chilean President Michelle Bachelet said her government supports the recapitalization of the Inter-American Development Bank to help developing countries cope with declining capital flows.      Bachelet, speaking today to finance ministers from North and South America, urged member governments to help raise additional funding… Read More Bachelet Says Chile Supports Recapitalization of IDB

Honduran Protesters, Soldiers Clash Outside Palace After Coup

By Andres R. Martinez and Nathan Gill      June 29 (Bloomberg) — Hundreds of protesters clashed with riot police and soldiers outside Honduras’ presidential palace a day after the military arrested President Manuel Zelaya at gunpoint and put him on a plane out of the country.      Regional leaders, from market-friendly Mexican President Felipe Calderon… Read More Honduran Protesters, Soldiers Clash Outside Palace After Coup

Latin America Leaders Call Summit to Restore Zelaya (Update 4)

By Nathan Gill and Joshua Goodman      June 29 (Bloomberg) — Latin American leaders are gathering in an emergency summit to restore Honduran President Manuel Zelaya to office after his ouster by the military yesterday in a showdown over a referendum on term limits.      Regional leaders, from market-friendly Mexican President Felipe Calderon to self-declared… Read More Latin America Leaders Call Summit to Restore Zelaya (Update 4)

Latin America Calls Summit to Try to Restore Zelaya in Honduras

By Nathan Gill and Eric Sabo      June 29 (Bloomberg) — Honduran President Manuel Zelaya, ousted by the military, meets with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and regional leaders today in a show of support designed to restore him as head of the Central American country.      Zelaya said soldiers surrounded his house and forced him… Read More Latin America Calls Summit to Try to Restore Zelaya in Honduras

Chavez Says Honduras Coup Will Fail, Vows Assistance

By Nathan Gill and Andres R. Martinez      June 28 (Bloomberg) — Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said a military coup in Honduras is “destined to fail” and that his nation’s armed forces are ready to help return President Manuel Zelaya to power.      Chavez, joined by Zelaya and the presidents of Ecuador, Nicaragua and Cuban… Read More Chavez Says Honduras Coup Will Fail, Vows Assistance

Honduras Military Is Creating a ‘State of Terror,’ Zelaya Says

By Nathan Gill and Andres R. Martinez      June 28 (Bloomberg) — Honduras’ military is creating a “state of terror” by closing the country’s airports and borders after taking power, said Manuel Zelaya, who was deposed as president in the coup earlier today.      Zelaya spoke in the Nicaraguan capital, Managua, where he is meeting… Read More Honduras Military Is Creating a ‘State of Terror,’ Zelaya Says

Zelaya Is ‘Constitutional’ President of Honduras, Ortega Says

By Nathan Gill and Andres R. Martinez      June 28 (Bloomberg) — Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega said Manuel Zelaya, who was ousted from power by soldiers today, is the constitutional president of Honduras, according to comments broadcast on Telesur.     Ortega is meeting with Zelaya and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez in Managua, the… Read More Zelaya Is ‘Constitutional’ President of Honduras, Ortega Says

Moody’s Coutino Says Honduras Coup May Jeopardize Trade With U.S.

By Nathan Gill      June 28 (Bloomberg) — Alfredo Coutino, director for Latin America at Moody’s Economy.com in West Chester, Pennsylvania, comments on the economic impact of a military coup in Honduras. Coutino spoke today in a telephone interview. On the coup’s impact on Honduras’s trade:      “Its going to be a negative mark for… Read More Moody’s Coutino Says Honduras Coup May Jeopardize Trade With U.S.

Honduran President Manuel Zelaya Is Ousted in Coup by Military

By Nathan Gill and Jose Orozco      June 28 (Bloomberg) — Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted by the military today after his opponents accused him of ignoring court rulings and seeking to change the constitution through a referendum to hold onto power.      Zelaya, an ally of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, was seized by… Read More Honduran President Manuel Zelaya Is Ousted in Coup by Military

Honduras’s Roberto Micheletti Sworn In as President, OAS Says

By Courtney Schlisserman and Nathan Gill      June 28 (Bloomberg) — Roberto Micheletti, head of the Honduran Congress, was sworn in today as the central American nation’s new president following a military coup, said Jose Miguel Insulza, secretary-general of the Organization of American States.      Micheletti was sworn in following the ouster today… Read More Honduras’s Roberto Micheletti Sworn In as President, OAS Says

Honduras Military Detains Ambassadors, Minister Rodas Seized

By Nathan Gill     June 28 (Bloomberg) — Honduras Foreign Minister Patricia Rodas was seized today by masked soldiers and is being held, Venezuela Abassador Armando Laguna said in comments broadcast on Telesur.      Laguna and the ambassadors of Nicaragua and Cuba in Honduras were briefly detained after trying to defend Rodas against masked… Read More Honduras Military Detains Ambassadors, Minister Rodas Seized

Chile Teachers March on Capital on 16th Day of Strike

By Nathan Gill      June 2 (Bloomberg) — Thousands of Chilean public school teachers marched in the capital on the 16th day of a nationwide strike to press their demands for what they say are unpaid bonuses.      More than 5,000 teachers traveled to Santiago for the protest, said Jaime Gajardo, president of the Chilean… Read More Chile Teachers March on Capital on 16th Day of Strike