David Chandler’s “Slave Over Master in Colonial Colombia and Ecuador” (1982) looks at the development of the institution of slavery and the legal rights of enslaved Africans in the colonial Andes. Chandler argues that slavery as it was practiced in relatively peripheral parts of the Spanish Americas, like Colombia and Ecuador, was different than in most other regions of the New World because of paternalistic attitudes of the Crown and Church, protective laws, and stagnant economies that dampened demand for their labor.
Chandler, David L. “Slave over Master in Colonial Colombia and Ecuador.” The Americas 38, no. 3 (1982): 315–26.
By N. H. Gill