Communist Conspiracies and Imperial Plots in the Honduran General Strike

The historiography of the Honduras general strike of 1954 shows that the extent of communist influence and external Guatemalan involvement are still subjects of significant historical debate. Kevin Coleman’s A Camera in the Garden of Eden, which focuses on the self-forging of Honduran banana workers and their marginalized communities, is the latest addition to this… Read More Communist Conspiracies and Imperial Plots in the Honduran General Strike

Writing Revolution: Republican Politics in Three Cuban Histories

Luis E. Aguilar, Samuel Farber, and Robert Whitney present three complimentary interpretations of Cuba’s 1933 Revolution and the social unrest that led to the 1959 Revolution.[1] The authors explore the role of rising mass society, the influence of political and intellectual elites, and the impact of the United States’ intervention in Cuban affairs to shed… Read More Writing Revolution: Republican Politics in Three Cuban Histories

Mining for the Nation: Jody Pavilack

When Chile granted literate men over the age of 21 the right to vote in 1925, a new era marked by the rise of mass society had begun.[1] Similar to processes unfolding around the world, the enfranchisement of progressively-larger swaths of Chile’s population in the early-twentieth century upended traditional politics and undermined the economic status… Read More Mining for the Nation: Jody Pavilack

Oppressed But Not Defeated: Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui

Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui’s Oppressed but Not Defeated, on the struggles of Aymara and Quechua peasants in the highlands and western valleys of the Bolivian Andes, focuses on the creation of peasant unions after the 1952 revolution by the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario. Her book is a concise collection of essays written in collaboration with Bolivian peasant… Read More Oppressed But Not Defeated: Silvia Rivera Cusicanqui

Slave over Master in Colonial Colombia and Ecuador: David Chandler

David Chandler’s “Slave Over Master in Colonial Colombia and Ecuador” (1982) looks at the development of the institution of slavery and the legal rights of enslaved Africans in the colonial Andes. Chandler argues that slavery as it was practiced in relatively peripheral parts of the Spanish Americas, like Colombia and Ecuador, was different than in… Read More Slave over Master in Colonial Colombia and Ecuador: David Chandler

Sublevaciones Indigenas en la Audiencia de Quito: Segundo Moreno

Segundo Moreno Yánez’s Sublevaciones Indigenas En La Audiencia de Quito. Desde Comienzos Del Siglo XVIII Hasta Finales de La Colonia (1977) looks at ten riots, protests and other tumultos in colonial Quito between 1760 and 1803. Moreno argues that conflicts over labor and a lack of trust between Andean communities and the colony’s Creole elite… Read More Sublevaciones Indigenas en la Audiencia de Quito: Segundo Moreno

Conquest and Agrarian Change: Robert Keith

Robert Keith’s 1976 Conquest and Agrarian Change: The Emergence of the Hacienda System on the Peruvian Coast, explored the rise of Spanish plantations in seven valleys along Peru’s southern coast in the second half of the sixteenth century. Keith emphasized the legacy of pre-Colombian societies in the development of the hacienda, arguing that in addition… Read More Conquest and Agrarian Change: Robert Keith

Andean Rural Proletarians: Thomas Greaves

Anthropologist Thomas Greaves’ 1972 article, “The Andean Rural Proletarians” examined the critical role played by labor syndicates in the organization of regional peasant movements in the Ecuadorian highlands during the twentieth century. Greaves applies Sidney Mintz’s concept of the “rural proletarian” to the Andes to narrow what was then thought to constitute the so-called peasant… Read More Andean Rural Proletarians: Thomas Greaves

The Rise of Peasant Unions on Traditional Ecuadorian Haciendas: Muriel Crespi

Anthropologist Muriel Crespi’s 1971 article, “Changing Power Relations: The Rise of Peasant Unions on Traditional Ecuadorian Haciendas,” explored the disruptive consequences of agrarian capitalism on rural authority structures in the mid-twentieth century. Focusing on the expropriation of Church-owned haciendas and the rise of Marxist-inspired peasant unions in the Ecuadorian highlands near Cayambe, Crespi argued that… Read More The Rise of Peasant Unions on Traditional Ecuadorian Haciendas: Muriel Crespi