Enrique Mayer, Ugly Stories of the Peruvian Agrarian Reform: Review

(July 3, 2019) – Enrique Mayer’s Ugly Stories of Peruvian Agrarian Reform, a “people-oriented kind of oral history,” provides a memory study of the 1969 land reforms enacted by Peruvian President Juan Velasco Alvarado. Written from the perspective of historical stakeholders and incorporating Mayer’s lifelong participation in the reforms as an academic observer, he weaves… Read More Enrique Mayer, Ugly Stories of the Peruvian Agrarian Reform: Review

Cynthia McClintock, Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru: Review

By N. H. Gill             (March 11, 2019) – Cynthia McClintock’s monograph, Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru, looks at the social and political effect of the agrarian reforms of the Velasco administration between 1968 to 1975. Focusing closely on the 1969 hacienda expropriations and subsequent implementation of self-managing agrarian cooperatives, McClintock uses a… Read More Cynthia McClintock, Peasant Cooperatives and Political Change in Peru: Review

Indigenous Elites, Subjugation, and Cultural Survival in Colonial Latin America

Indigenous elites stood at the intersection of political subjugation and cultural survival in Spanish and Portuguese America. Over more than three centuries they acted as intermediaries between their communities and outsiders, as defenders before the law, and even as collaborators with local power groups in the exploitation of their own people. As such, they wielded… Read More Indigenous Elites, Subjugation, and Cultural Survival in Colonial Latin America

Asunción Lavrin, Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America: Review

Asunción Lavrin, ed. Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America. 1. paperback print. Latin American Studies Series. Lincoln, Neb.: Univ. of Nebraska Press, 1992. Asunción Lavrin’s edited volume, Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America, presents a series of perspectives on what Lavrin calls the “conquest of the mind,” the means through which the Spanish… Read More Asunción Lavrin, Sexuality and Marriage in Colonial Latin America: Review

Surveying the Field: Peasant Power in Andean History

Like many global hotspots of the twentieth century, the Andes is marked by its history of structural inequality, racial conflict, and legacies of poverty and violence. Tensions between urban and rural areas as well as between descendants of European and Andean ancestry still exist and remain a source of scholarly interest in the region. In… Read More Surveying the Field: Peasant Power in Andean History

Between Two Worlds: Andean Haciendas in Colonial History

When historian James Lockhart published his renown article “Encomienda and Hacienda” in 1969, the modern historiography on haciendas was already more than forty-years-old.[1] Yet even after decades, historians were only beginning to understand these New World estates in terms of their origins and functions as colonial institutions. Early twentieth century scholars debated the extent of… Read More Between Two Worlds: Andean Haciendas in Colonial History

Karen Spalding, Huarochirí: Review

Karen Spalding, Huarochirí, an Andean Society under Inca and Spanish Rule (Stanford, Calif: Stanford University Press, 1984). Karen Spalding’s history of colonial Peru, Huarochirí, begins with the origins of Andean society, following social changes from pre-Inca days until the height of colonial rule. Written in the mid-1980s amidst a brutal economic crisis that inordinately impacted… Read More Karen Spalding, Huarochirí: Review

Repartos y Rebeliones: Review

Golte, Jürgen. Repartos y rebeliones: Túpac Amaru y las contradicciones de la economía colonial. Translated by Carlos Degregori Caso. Primera edicón. Estudios históricos Colección clásicos 6. Lima: IEP, Instituto de Estudios Peruanos, 1980.  Jürgen Golte’s Repartos y Rebeliones, published in German in 1977 and translated into Spanish by Carlos Degregori in 1980, analyzes the implementation,… Read More Repartos y Rebeliones: Review

Miners of the Red Mountain: Review

Bakewell, P. J. Miners of the Red Mountain: Indian Labor in Potosí, 1545-1650. 1st ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1984. Peter Bakewell’s Miners of the Red Mountain: Indian Labor in Potosí, 1545-1650 makes a targeted intervention into Andean colonial history by analyzing evolving labor systems at the colonial silver mines of Potosí.[1] Given the… Read More Miners of the Red Mountain: Review

Peru’s Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Review

Stern, Steve J. Peru’s Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Huamanga to 1640. Madison, Wis: University of Wisconsin Press, 1982. Steve J. Stern centers his monograph on colonial Huamanga, a strategic military and economic region along the route between Lima and Potosí. It was the location of the Huancavelica and Castrovirreyna mercury and… Read More Peru’s Indian Peoples and the Challenge of Spanish Conquest: Review

Moving to the Suburbs: Reducciones in Recent Latin American Historiography

By N. H. Gill In 1503, the Spanish monarchy issued its first decree for the resettlement of indigenous groups in the Caribbean so that they would “live together” and “not remain or wander separated from each other in the backcountry.” [1]As the European conquest spread to North, Central, and South America, these new settlements –… Read More Moving to the Suburbs: Reducciones in Recent Latin American Historiography

Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela: Review

Alejandro Velasco, Barrio Rising: Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela (Oakland, California: University of California Press, 2015). Alejandro Velasco’s Barrio Rising: Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela (2015) uses the Caracas superblock housing complex, known today as 23 de Enero, to analyze Venezuela’s transition from the dictatorship of Marcos… Read More Urban Popular Politics and the Making of Modern Venezuela: Review

How the Story Ends: Chronology and Gender in the Tupac Amaru Rebellion

Charles F. Walker, The Tupac Amaru Rebellion (Cambridge, Massachussetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014). Charles Walker left few stones unturned in The Tupac Amaru Rebellion, an impressive analysis of Spain’s largest colonial rebellion. This essay briefly examines two original arguments and two secondary claims made by Walker that help shape our understanding… Read More How the Story Ends: Chronology and Gender in the Tupac Amaru Rebellion

77-Year-Old Wall Street Favorite to Face Fujimori in Peru Runoff

By Nathan Gill and John Quigley April 12, 2016 (Bloomberg) — The victory by Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, a former finance minister, for second place in Sunday’s Peruvian president elections sets up a showdown between two business-friendly candidates, part of a regional backlash against left-wing politicians. Kuczynski, a 77-year-old Oxford-trained political economist who’s spent more than 50… Read More 77-Year-Old Wall Street Favorite to Face Fujimori in Peru Runoff

South America’s Commodity Rout Spurs Public Spending on Housing

By Nathan Gill (Bloomberg) — Enrique Perez, who’s been building homes for most of his life in Ecuador, is finally going to make one for himself. Perez is an unlikely beneficiary of the plunge in crude prices. That prompted Ecuador, an OPEC nation, to offer mortgage subsidies to people like Perez, a construction worker. Ecuador… Read More South America’s Commodity Rout Spurs Public Spending on Housing

Peru Top Cement Maker Unacem Says Exports to Offset Mining Slump

By Nathan Gill (Bloomberg) — Union Andina de Cementos SAA, Peru’s biggest cement supplier, expects growth in exports will help offset weakening demand from local miners. Overseas sales of clinker, an ingredient in cement production, will surge 18 percent to about 500,000 metric tons this year, Ricardo Rizo Patron, chairman of the company, said Wednesday… Read More Peru Top Cement Maker Unacem Says Exports to Offset Mining Slump

BHP to Stop Copper Output at Spence Mine, Union Says

By Nathan Gill and Matthew Craze Oct. 15 (Bloomberg) — BHP Billiton Ltd. will cease production of refined copper tomorrow at its 200,000-ton-a-year Spence copper mine in Chile because of a strike, a union leader said. Workers stopped mining on Oct. 13, leaving BHP without enough raw materials to be turned into refined copper, union… Read More BHP to Stop Copper Output at Spence Mine, Union Says

Endesa Chile Rises to Four-Week High on Edegel Stake

By Nathan Gill Oct. 13 (Bloomberg) — Empresa Nacional de Electricidad SA, Chile’s biggest power generator, rose the most in almost four weeks after boosting its stake in a Peruvian unit at an “attractive” price. Endesa, as the company is known, gained 1.3 percent to 868 pesos in Santiago trading, its biggest advance since Sept.… Read More Endesa Chile Rises to Four-Week High on Edegel Stake

Chile’s Peso Slumps Most in Week as Prices for Copper Decline

By Nathan Gill Oct. 9 (Bloomberg) — Chile’s peso dropped the most in a week as prices for copper, the country’s biggest export, slumped on a strengthening dollar. The peso weakened 0.6 percent to 554.50 per U.S. dollar from 551 yesterday for its steepest drop since Oct. 2. It declined for a third week. Copper… Read More Chile’s Peso Slumps Most in Week as Prices for Copper Decline

Colombian Peso Rises for Fourth Straight Week on Economy

By Nathan Gill Sept. 25 (Bloomberg) — Colombia’s peso climbed for a fourth week on speculation the South American country is beginning to recover from its first recession since 1998. The peso climbed 1.3 percent this week to 1924.45 per dollar, extending its advance this month to 7 percent, the biggest gain among 26 emerging-market… Read More Colombian Peso Rises for Fourth Straight Week on Economy

Peruvian Economy Has Reached ‘Point of Inflexion,’ Central Bank President Says

By Nathan Gill Sept. 18 (Bloomberg) — Peruvian central bank President Julio Velarde said the country’s economy has reached a “point of inflexion” after it shrank the most in eight years in June. Rebounding demand in Peru and overseas will probably push the economy to 3.2 percent growth in the second half of 2009, and… Read More Peruvian Economy Has Reached ‘Point of Inflexion,’ Central Bank President Says

Gold Fields Halts Peru Exploration Project on Protest

By Nathan Gill Sept. 18 (Bloomberg) — Gold Fields Ltd. and Cia. de Minas Buenaventura SA halted exploration of their Titan-Arabe gold and copper deposit in northern Peru after protests by local residents turned deadly, the head of the joint venture said. “We saw that there were constant threats, so we took the decision to… Read More Gold Fields Halts Peru Exploration Project on Protest

Peru’s Economy Shrank 1.4% in July From Year Earlier

By Nathan Gill Sept. 15 (Bloomberg) — Peru’s economy contracted for a second month as demand for the South American country’s fishing, manufacturing and metal exports fell. Gross domestic product fell 1.4 percent in July from the same month a year earlier, after a 2.1 percent year-on-year decline in June, the government statistics agency said… Read More Peru’s Economy Shrank 1.4% in July From Year Earlier

Peru’s Talara Refinery Production Unaffected by Fire

By Nathan Gill Sept. 14 (Bloomberg) — Petroleos del Peru SA, the oil producer known as Petroperu, said a fire at its Talara refinery in northern Peru didn’t affect production. The fire, which started yesterday in the refinery’s vacuum distillation unit as a pressure meter was being installed, was “immediately controlled” and operations continued normally,… Read More Peru’s Talara Refinery Production Unaffected by Fire

Chile’s Peso Falls as Copper Declines; Peruvian Sol Slides

By James Attwood and Nathan Gill Aug. 17 (Bloomberg) — Chile’s peso fell to a two-month low after copper, the country’s biggest export, declined and the U.S. dollar strengthened against major currencies. Chile’s currency, up 14 percent so far this year, dropped 1.3 percent to 558.75 per U.S. dollar at 12:01 p.m. New York time,… Read More Chile’s Peso Falls as Copper Declines; Peruvian Sol Slides

Chile’s Cencosud Quarterly Profit Slides More Than Estimated

By James Attwood and Nathan Gill Aug. 14 (Bloomberg) — Cencosud SA, Chile’s biggest retailer by sales, posted a steeper-than-estimated drop in second-quarter profit on lower sales and currency losses. First-half net income fell 66 percent, the Santiago-based company reported in a regulatory filing today without giving separate second-quarter results. Second-quarter profit fell to 8.96… Read More Chile’s Cencosud Quarterly Profit Slides More Than Estimated

Chile’s Falabella Profit Falls 48% on Sales Drop, Currencies

By James Attwood and Nathan Gill Aug. 14 (Bloomberg) — SACI Falabella SA, Chile’s biggest retailer by market value, reported a 48 percent slump in second-quarter profit because of a drop in sales and foreign-exchange rate losses. Net income fell to 33.4 billion pesos ($60.5 million) from 63.7 billion pesos a year earlier, the Santiago-based… Read More Chile’s Falabella Profit Falls 48% on Sales Drop, Currencies

Chile’s Parque Arauco Rises to 1-Year High on Profit Outlook

By Nathan Gill      June 9 (Bloomberg) — Parque Arauco SA, a Chilean shopping-center developer and operator, climbed to its highest in a year in Santiago trading on speculation that its expansion plans will boost earnings growth.      Parque Arauco rose 3.2 percent to 514 pesos, the highest closing price since May 28, 2008. The… Read More Chile’s Parque Arauco Rises to 1-Year High on Profit Outlook

Chile Reports First Swine-Flu Victims, Minister Says

By Nathan Gill and Sebastian Boyd      May 17 (Bloomberg) — Two female tourists returning from the Dominican Republic became Chile’s first confirmed cases of swine flu, Health Minister Alvaro Erazo told reporters today in Santiago.      They arrived in Chile yesterday on Copa Airlines Flight 437 from the beach resort of Punta… Read More Chile Reports First Swine-Flu Victims, Minister Says

BM&FBovespa Proceeding With Chile Trading Plans, Oliveira Says

By Nathan Gill      May 14 (Bloomberg) — Paulo de Sousa Oliveira Jr., chief business development officer of BM&FBovespa SA, Latin America’s largest exchange, comments on plans to integrate with Chile’s stock exchanges. Oliveira spoke in Spanish to reporters in Santiago today. On plans to integrate with Chile’s exchanges:      “The idea we… Read More BM&FBovespa Proceeding With Chile Trading Plans, Oliveira Says

Falabella Plans to Invest $2 Billion Through 2012

By Nathan Gill and James Attwood May 7 (Bloomberg) — SACI Falabella SA, Chile’s biggest retailer by market value, plans to invest $2 billion through 2012 to expand in Latin America, Chief Executive Officer Juan Benavides said. Falabella is seeking opportunities in Colombia while its “very big” investment plans for Peru will depend on how… Read More Falabella Plans to Invest $2 Billion Through 2012

Chile’s Endesa Plans to Invest $1 Billion in 2009

By Nathan Gill April 30 (Bloomberg) — Empresa Nacional de Electricidad SA, Chile’s biggest power generator, said it plans to invest about $1 billion this year to expand capacity. The Santiago-based company known as Endesa will invest in wind farms, a natural gas plant and a coal steam plant, adding 680 megawatts of capacity, Chief… Read More Chile’s Endesa Plans to Invest $1 Billion in 2009