Like many global hot spots of the twentieth century, the Andes is marked by its history of structural inequality, racial conflict, and legacies of poverty and violence. … Read More Peasant Power in Andean History
When historian James Lockhart published “Encomienda and Hacienda” in 1969, the modern historiography on the topic was already more than forty-years-old.… Read More Between Two Worlds: Andean Haciendas in Colonial History
In 1503, the Spanish monarchy issued its first decree for the resettlement of indigenous groups in the Caribbean so that they would “live together” and … Read More Moving to the Suburbs: Reducciones in Recent Latin American Historiography
The historiography of the Honduras general strike of 1954 shows that the extent of communist influence and external Guatemalan involvement … Read More Communist Conspiracies and Imperial Plots in the Honduran General Strike
Thomas Rogers’ The Deepest Wounds argues that Pernambuco sugar planters “saw no distinction between land and labor” (8). Enslaved and free workers on cane plantations were demoted in elites’ eyes to a level equal with the animals and the earth – merely another natural resource to be commanded by the planters (72-73). This monograph shows… Read More The Deepest Wounds: Thomas Rogers
By Andres R. Martinez and Nathan Gill June 29 (Bloomberg) — Hundreds of protesters clashed with riot police and soldiers outside Honduras’ presidential palace a day after the military arrested President Manuel Zelaya at gunpoint and put him on a plane out of the country. Regional leaders, from market-friendly Mexican President Felipe Calderon… Read More Honduran Protesters, Soldiers Clash Outside Palace After Coup
By Nathan Gill and Joshua Goodman June 29 (Bloomberg) — Latin American leaders are gathering in an emergency summit to restore Honduran President Manuel Zelaya to office after his ouster by the military yesterday in a showdown over a referendum on term limits. Regional leaders, from market-friendly Mexican President Felipe Calderon to self-declared… Read More Latin America Leaders Call Summit to Restore Zelaya (Update 4)
By Nathan Gill and Eric Sabo June 29 (Bloomberg) — Honduran President Manuel Zelaya, ousted by the military, meets with Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez and regional leaders today in a show of support designed to restore him as head of the Central American country. Zelaya said soldiers surrounded his house and forced him… Read More Latin America Calls Summit to Try to Restore Zelaya in Honduras
By Nathan Gill and Andres R. Martinez June 28 (Bloomberg) — Honduras’ military is creating a “state of terror” by closing the country’s airports and borders after taking power, said Manuel Zelaya, who was deposed as president in the coup earlier today. Zelaya spoke in the Nicaraguan capital, Managua, where he is meeting… Read More Honduras Military Is Creating a ‘State of Terror,’ Zelaya Says
By Nathan Gill and Andres R. Martinez June 28 (Bloomberg) — Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said a military coup in Honduras is “destined to fail” and that his nation’s armed forces are ready to help return President Manuel Zelaya to power. Chavez, joined by Zelaya and the presidents of Ecuador, Nicaragua and Cuban… Read More Chavez Says Honduras Coup Will Fail, Vows Assistance
By Nathan Gill and Andres R. Martinez June 28 (Bloomberg) — Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega said Manuel Zelaya, who was ousted from power by soldiers today, is the constitutional president of Honduras, according to comments broadcast on Telesur. Ortega is meeting with Zelaya and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez in Managua, the… Read More Zelaya Is ‘Constitutional’ President of Honduras, Ortega Says
By Nathan Gill June 28 (Bloomberg) — Alfredo Coutino, director for Latin America at Moody’s Economy.com in West Chester, Pennsylvania, comments on the economic impact of a military coup in Honduras. Coutino spoke today in a telephone interview. On the coup’s impact on Honduras’s trade: “Its going to be a negative mark for… Read More Moody’s Coutino Says Honduras Coup May Jeopardize Trade With U.S.
By Nathan Gill and Jose Orozco June 28 (Bloomberg) — Honduran President Manuel Zelaya was ousted by the military today after his opponents accused him of ignoring court rulings and seeking to change the constitution through a referendum to hold onto power. Zelaya, an ally of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, was seized by… Read More Honduran President Manuel Zelaya Is Ousted in Coup by Military
By Courtney Schlisserman and Nathan Gill June 28 (Bloomberg) — Roberto Micheletti, head of the Honduran Congress, was sworn in today as the central American nation’s new president following a military coup, said Jose Miguel Insulza, secretary-general of the Organization of American States. Micheletti was sworn in following the ouster today… Read More Honduras’s Roberto Micheletti Sworn In as President, OAS Says
By Nathan Gill June 28 (Bloomberg) — Honduras Foreign Minister Patricia Rodas was seized today by masked soldiers and is being held, Venezuela Abassador Armando Laguna said in comments broadcast on Telesur. Laguna and the ambassadors of Nicaragua and Cuba in Honduras were briefly detained after trying to defend Rodas against masked… Read More Honduras Military Detains Ambassadors, Minister Rodas Seized
What are the relevant historic issues in Argentina’s foreign policy? The historic conditions of Argentina’s foreign policy can be divided into three groups; strategic, economic, and political. Strategically, Argentina has been preoccupied with containing Brazil and Chiles’ influence in the southern cone, Perú in the Northwest, settling border conflicts with Chile, and regaining sovereignty of… Read More Argentina’s Foreign Policy: Traditions
Mar. 21, 2008) The March 28th meeting of South American heads of state has been cancelled because of ongoing disputes between Ecuador and Colombia. Leaders had planned to sign a foundational constitution establishing the institutional procedures for UNASUR, a new union composed of the 12 nations of South America. The cancellation was not a surprise… Read More Unasur Founding Summit Cancelled Over Minor Regional Conflict
By Nate GillMarch 21, 2008 (Southern Affairs) — The March 28th meeting of South American heads of state has been cancelled because of ongoing disputes between Ecuador and Colombia. Leaders had planned to sign a foundational constitution establishing the institutional procedures for UNASUR, a new union composed of the 12 nations of South America. The… Read More Unasur Founding Summit Cancelled Over Regional Conflict
U.S. newspapers announced this week that Congress is expected to ratify a free trade agreement (FTA) with Peru before its Nov. recess. The FTA will eliminate 80 percent of U.S. export tariffs to Peru with the remaining 20 percent to be phased out over the next 10 years. While U.S. lawmakers argued over the inclusion… Read More What Does Peru’s FTA Mean For The Rest Of The Region?
Jeffrey Gould’s monograph, To Die in This Way (1998), looks at the dialectic relationship between indigenous identity and the formation of the nation-state in Nicaragua from the late nineteenth century until the mid twentieth. Gould challenges the “myth of mestizaje” that holds that, except for the Miskito coast, the Central American nation is an ethnically-homogeneous… Read More To Die in This Way: Jeffrey Gould
When historian James Lockhart published his renown article “Encomienda and Hacienda” in 1969, the modern historiography on haciendas was already more than forty-years-old. Yet even after decades, scholars were only beginning to understand these New World estates in terms of their origins and functions as colonial institutions. Early twentieth century scholars debated the extent of… Read More Encomienda and Hacienda: James Lockhart
“Volcán de Pacaya y Terrenos Adyacentes: ‘Golpe de Vista Que Ha Pintado Un Curioso y Demuestra El Bolcán Desde El Paraxe No 1 En Que Se Puso a Reconocerlo.’” Guatemala, July 26, 1775. MP-GUATEMALA, 315. Archivo General de Indias.